Archive for the ‘Martial arts history’ Category

 

      The following is a reply i posted on a African Martial Arts & Sciences site. It was in reference to the question

“What is the true purpose of training in the warrior arts” ?

      Very deep my felow warrior.  I have always believed the true purpose of training in the warrior arts is to unify what i call the triangle of power or the mind, body and spirit. I like how Asian martial arts ( like those i have studied) all claim to od this , but instructors focus more on sport application or something shallow than to focus on the true purpose. Those are what i call “martial arts”. Whati do i consider “Warrior Arts” cause it focuses on the true aspects. I can tell by how you speak and your concepts, that you are awake to this. The example i use alot is that you can go to school and learn for thr mind, hit the gym for your body, and go to church for your spirit. True warrior arts though encompass and combine all these aspects. For me in my warriror arts, what i consider a modern form of African martial arts, I teach all the aspects i have knowledge of that i feels make a warriors training. From the physical aspects of combat, taught in a effective, progressive fasion only teaching what is effective, to the science and concepts of fighitng and these skills.  Although i focus on modern style combatives, i do not leave out thing like learning control of breath, and knowledge of internal energy and how to use it, and modern healing.  In fitness i teach excercize and how to build and condition the body for he rigors of warriror training and for better health. I teach the aspects of proper nutrition too. In knowledege for the mind, i teach warrior history, starting with the original culture in Africa, and branching out into the others. I also trach Warrior philosophy to instill the right mindset and proper mental attributes befitting a warrior. In the end, i feel the purpose of warrior training is to wholistically develop the individual inside and out to reach their highest level of being. Peace be upon you – Nubianwarrioking , Abraham Hardy of HCW

 
                                           “Scufflin”
                                                          
                                                 By
                                  Juma Mshabazi
For those of us old enough to remember Count Dante and his famous “death matches” in
Taunton, New Jersey, refereed by Kareem Allah by the way, many believed that this was
the first of its kind; but that is far from the truth. I remember the case of a young boy
who, in 1965, without a father or older brother, growing up on the mean streets of
Brooklyn, asked his uncle C. Y. Williams to show him how to protect himself.
Subsequently, he was told stories of a time on the plantations of Virginia how captive
Afrikans were made to fight like dogs and cocks – many times to the death – where they
suffered severe maiming. Indeed, he was also told that his grandfather (D. D. Williams)
was a master scuffler and had shown him many moves.
That boy eventually became a man and studied with a half dozen other great martial arts
teachers. He fought in bare knuckle full contact matches – not the Asian kind with no
head punches (smile). He traced scufflin back to the Kongo and reclaimed both his and
Scufflin’s Afrikan name. For those interested in learning more about Scufflin and Afrikan
Martial Arts, I recommend the following sources:
1. The African Origin of Martial Arts by Wayne Chandler;
2. African Origins of the Martial Arts by Nijel Binns www.nijart.com;
3. Black Martial Arts III: Combat Games of the African Indian Ocean
(mMadagascar, Comoros, Reunion) (2003 / 2006) Edward L. Powe;
4. The Ancient Martial Arts of Egypt by Sheng Chi Kung Fu in Northern California;
5. Urban Self Defense by Mahaliel Bethea;
6. Nubian Black African Boxers or Gladiator – www.ezbord.com;
7. Broken Glass film by Daniel Marks;
8. Slavery: The Burden of Slavery – NI 337;
9. ERBmania! Nkima Speaks / The Real Leopard Men – www.erblist.com;
10. All Tom Molineaux articles;
11. Absolom, Absolom by William Faulkner;
12. Weld’s American Salvery TOC (S. C. Macy 1839);
13. Roll Jordan Roll by Genovese;
14. Life Under the Peculiar Institution by Norman Yetman;
15. Weevils in the Wheat by Perdue, Barden & Philipps;
16. Coming of the Hurricane a drama by Alvin Klein;
17. Fifty Years in Chains by Charles Ball 1859;
18. Narrative of the Life of Henry Bibb (1815-1854);
19. Life of William Grimes, The Runaway Slave (1784-1865);
20. Street Kingdom: 5 Years Inside the Franklyn Ave Posse;
21. What Happened to Victor Belfort: www.ourhutch.com;
22. Alabama Supreme Court on Slaves. State –v- Abrams 10 Alabama 928 (1847);
23. Africans in America Part III / Narrative Conspiracy & Rebellions by Gabriel
(1799);
24. Memories of Childhood’s Slavery Days (1909) Annie L. Burton;
25. Finding A Way Out: An Autobiography (1921) by Robert Russa Moton;
26. Uh Knock em ef uh Dead. ejmas.com;
27. African Americans (1753) Gideon Carr;
28. Ears Used to be Fair Game in the Ring; www.lasvegassun.com;
29. I was Violently Assaulted by Another African American: (3/19/05) Musician
Forums;
30. Mandingo; a film
31. Drums; a film
Juma is a treasure House of knowledge and can be contacted indirectly by e-mailing
edpowe1@hotmail.com.

The Red, Black, & Green Flag

My flags and colors mean alot to me, and i do have quite a few. First off is my colors of Red, black, and green. As a revoloutionary these colors hold much significance historically for my people ( African Americans) during the times of civil rights and so forth, but the meaning and connotation of my colors goes far beyond that.  The philosophical aspects are that each color represents something special and unique. RED represents blood, war, a warning of danger, danger and death. It shows the world that i am a warrior and that i train in the ways of the warrior.Red lets the world know that i am willing to shed the blood of my enimies as well as lose my own in battle, fighting for what i believe in. The color Black is the color of life. Contrary to Western thought, black and darkness is seen as a positive and beautiful thing in some aspects. In refrence to being the color of life, the planets and stars of the universe were born of the blackness / darkness of the outer reaches of space and the cosmos. The same as the child is born of the darkness of the mothers womb, and comes into light.  In this context, black in thr color of life. For me, black also represents the spirits of my ancestors and it is the color of the ancients i decend from too. The color  Green represents represents the earth (which is our mother) and all the life we come to know around us.The earth is our mother, home, sustenance, life….our everything. Green can also represent the spring season and new life….the plants are in bloom, the animals return from hibernation to mate, and so forth. When i add red, black and green together, it shows that i am a black warrior of the earth and cosmos, who fights to protect them and the life they sustain.

The Conquering Lion Of Judah Flag

The Lion of Judah with it’s green, gold and red color is the flag of Ethiopia. It is also a known symbol of Emperor Hailee Selassie (also known as Ras Tafari Mekkonen) and his followers the Ras Tafarians. Beyond the religious connotations of the Lion Of Judah , then is a great story of how this symbol the lion with the flag in it’s mouth became Ethiopia’s symbol. There have been many interpretations of this story, I’ll give you the short version of the one I was taught. I was told it some time ago so forgive any slight mis-details. It involves a lion and lioness. Villagers heard loud roars on a daily basis but never knew where they came from. Upon climbing a hill, they looked down to see a lioness circling a lion and repeatedly swiping him with her claws, and biting him. The noble lion took the abuse and  did not strike back, roaring out in pain each time he suffered further damage. At the same time everyday this scenario took place, and this went on for many moons. One day, the lion apparently had enough of the abuse. It finally lashed out at the lioness in one fatal blow, and killed her instantly. The villagers stopped hearing the noise and wondered what happened. Although battered and injured from the long time of taking punishment, the lion made his way to the top of the hillside. The villagers looked on in amazement at the indomitable lion whom had a flag in it’s mouth, the green, gold, and red flag of Ethiopia. From that day forward, the lion with the flag in it’s mouth was added to their national flag as a symbol, the Conquering lion Of Judah.

 Hacomtaewresdo Warrior Arts History & Lineage      The Hacomtaewresdo Warrior Arts are Hybrid systems of integrated combat disciplines. Their history and lineage is traced back to the oldest known and most prolifically known martial arts and lineage of warriors, those of ancient Africa. The martial arts of the world originated in ancient Africa and spread to other cultures and made many new and different fighting arts. The Hacomtaewresdo Warrior Arts are a modern interpretation of this history. Taking combative arts from many different cultures, their history and lineage is traced back to afrocentric and African origins. The various native peoples of ancient Kemet ( Egypt ) and Africa were practitioners of systemized forms of the martial arts thousands of years before any other culture on earth. Proof of this is in the toombs of  Nubian ( Black ) Pharoahs of ancient Egypt in the form of pictures, painted scenes, and other forms of recorded expression. These records have been dated as going as far back as 3,000 BC . This without question records amongst the oldest and first forms of systemized martial arts on earth. One art depicted is wrestling as done by the Nubians  i.e Nubian wrestling. Nubian wrestling is the first and original form of wrestling, in modern times it would be classified as a style submission wrestling based upon techniques it contained. These were leverage throws, suplexes, holds and pins, jointlocks, and submission holds. It was a total grappling system having standing grappling, ground grappling, various methods of takedowns and total body submission. On toomb walls also were scenes of other types of empty hand martial arts being utilized as well as martial arts weapons being used by warriors. There are even scenes of scenes of castles being used and these scenes pre-date the use of castles elsewhere by other cultures. The Egyptian toombs which contain pictures, and so forth of this knowledge were of Govenors Baquet 3rd, Khety, and Amenemhat. They were Black Nubian Pharoahs of Egypt. These toombs are at the current day site called Beni Hasan in Egypt.The martial arts and sciences originated in the interior of the continent and along the Nile Valley region with the Nile Valley civillization. They were the very first practitioners of the martial arts, having done so for well over 5000 years. 
Another art dating back as far, if not farther than the Nubians recrded form of wrestling / submission grappling is an art called Ku -Ta. Meaning defender of the Pharoah, this system of martial science also comes from ancient Egypt. By 3,000 B.C it had been shared with the ancient Elamites and also the Akkadians too. They went on to be the founders of the early Chinese dynasties, and they took the art with them. Soon following this, the art of Ku-Ta  became the art of Kuntao, meaning the way of the fist. From that point, it filtered into the Phillipines (like many other African weapon and empty hand martial arts) and now is taught along with their arts. India was ancient Africa’s heartland in Asia and was the sister civillization of Africa. The first civillizations of people in India were Africans from Ethiopia. They took cultural knowledge from Africa with them there which further developed, among them the science of breath control, Yoga, Meditation, and other related disciplines. Later, following the Ethiopians, the ancestors of the Australian Aborigines arrived in India, merged with the Ethiopians already there, and this became the civillization of India. This merger in fact, bought us India’s great Indus Valley Civillization.
     China’s first dynasty and Emperor were Africoid or of Black origins. Founded by King T’ang or Ta, the earliest documented rulership in China was the Shang or Chiang dynasty ( 1500-1000 B.C ). The Shang were credited with unifying China’s early elements to form their first civillization. The Shang were given the name Nakhi, Na meaning Black and Khi meaning Man. The first Chinese Emperor, the legendary Fu-Hsi (2953-2838 B.C) was a wooly haired Black man. Among his credits are establishing government and originating social institutions as well as cultural inventions. He is said too, to be the originator of the I-Ching, the Book of Change. It is among the oldest and most revered system of philosophy. Emperor Hung Wu was founder of the great Ming dynasty of China. He was of African (Sudanese) and Mongolian decent and was also a Muslim. The skills that set the foundation for Shaolin Kung Fu decend from India and Africoid origins. Even in the White Garment Hall of the Shaolin Monastery in Honan ( Hunan) Province of China, there are tow 12 foot long paintings of Chinese and Africoid ( Black) Shaolin Monks trainning in Kung Fu (Boxing) skills together. Although not promoted ( and somewhat hidden ) it shows striking evidence of the deep interrelation of Africa, the martial arts, and Asia.
   Amongst the earliest inhabitants of the Japanese continent are a people called the Ainu. They have oral traditions which retell of a race of people of a dark complexion that are small of stature that resided in Japan before they did. Looking deeper, some historians believe the Ainu originated in Egypt, while others have found evidence of them traveling to Egypt and making offerings of gifts to Egyptian Pharoahs. Even records in Mesopotamia and egypt record interacting with a people they called the Anu ( Ainu ? ). Also, there are a nuber of Japanese peoples, who given skin complexion and hair, resemble and have the same features of the Bushmen of Southern Africa. There is ancient knowledge too, of Japan being conquered from it’s southern regions by a group of Black Warriors. This all leads us to the fact of the first Shogun of Japan himself was indeed a Black man. His name was Sakanouye Tamura Maro and he lived around 800 C.E (common era).
   In the Western / European world, the first culture to make a systemized form of the martial arts were the ancient Greeks. In modern times, this fighting art is known as Pankration. Pankration it’s self a modern variation of an original Kushite ( African) martial art called Pan Kau Ra Shen which means “fighting with the spirit of Ra”. Ra of course is a major Egyptian God. The Greeks were great warriors and had legendary fighting prowess. The ancient Greeks were the first to come in contact with the African martial arts and sciences, n the form of Nubian wrestling / grappling in ancient Egypt. On the toomb walls in ancient Egypt, where the records of Nubian submission grappling exist, the Greeks left grafitti on the walls written in Greek. This shows how they studied and aquired the trchniques and skills of Nubian grappling and took this knowledge back to Greece / Europe where the skills flourished. The Greeks adoption of these skills definitely fostered the ekills of Pankration, Greek wrestling, Roman wrestling, and Catch Wrestling ( much later) and wholistically the Greco – Roman combat disciplines in general. It is evident in the fact they are so grappling based.Greco- Roman and catch wrestlers readily trace te origins of their lineage of wrestling skills back to wrestling comming from Egypt. In 776 B.C, the Greeks first began wrestling in honor of the African God Amon whom they renamed Zeus ( all the Greek Gods are renamed African Gods, all the Roman Gods are renamrd Greek Gods). When Rome conquered mainland Greece, they adopted many things, martial arts being one, from the Greeks. Greek and Roman wrestling was combined to make Greco-Roman wrestling and over time, many other systems of Western wrestling came thereafter.This further proliferated the art of Nubian grappling because it is inherent in all of these fighting methods. Going further into Greco- Roman combat, the Romans also adopted Pancratium ( Latin for Pankration ) into their games during the early days of Gdadiator competition. A Gladiator was trained in the empty hand skills of Roman and adopted Greek fighting arts like boxing, wrestling, Pancratium and so forth, but gladiatorial combat heavily revolved around armed, armored, combatants. When the Roman Empire conquered many lands, sometimes many of the defeated soliders were sold into slavery from these places. They were usuwally bought by a Lanista, someone who ran a stable of Gladiators. They would reside at a Gladiator academy and train and fight. Over time the could usuwally earn their freedom, if they lived long enough. There were many ethnicities, from Spainards and Germans to Greeks and many others. A major portion were Africans who were warriors in their homeland. Defeated in battle with other tribes, if not adopted into the victorious tribe, they were sold into the African slave trade. Through points such as Carthage in northern Africa ( Egypt ), they wound up in Rome, and as Gladiators.
   The African martial arts are very vast. Within the 13 million square miles of Africa there were many territories during ancient times ( as now) with many systems of martial art / science. The number of these arts from ancient times to now is great, and many systems of boxing and combat have been lost over time. From Egypt / Nubia there is the Nubians form of grapplingand Ku -Ta. Jirilbu is a martial science of central and western Africa and resembles Japanese Jiu Jitsu and Judo. It is most likely the counterpart / predecessor of Nubian grappling. Jakadi is a central African martial science that uses trapping, striking, and kicks and it’s motions resemble Wing Chun Kung Fu or empty hand Phillipine martial arts. Somo is a central African martial science and contains some of the same principles and techniques of Brazilian Capoiera. Ljala is the fighting science of the Yoruba tribe of Nigeria and Benin. It is based in stickfighting and and is like the stickfighting arts of Arnis, Kali, and Escrima. In Senegal there is Senegalese wrestling which is a tremendous spectator sport in modern times. In the south of Africa there is the art that was created by the warrior King Shaka Zulu called Zulu Impi. King Shaka named it after his warriors and it was a very powerful fighting science that he founded himself . He also designed their war spear and developed their full length body shield. The Zulu army ( consisting of men and women) could take massive casualties and keep fighting hard without letting up.
They had a feared reputation and were known for their high level of trainning and physical fitness. In one battle during the 1800’s they defeated the Britsh who had firepower, while they ( Zulu) had none, only tribal martial arts weapons and their fighting science. Dating back to 3,000 B.C there is an ancient Egyptian statue of Prince Puntcarrying a boomerang, as well as scenes of the boomerang in ancient toombs. The Tha people of central Africa ( also called Pygmies ) originated the bow and arrow over 400,000 years ago. Nubia was called the Land of the Bow because their warriors were legendary archers. The Nubian warriors were commonly hired as mercenaries by the Ancient Greeks, Persians, and Arabians and fought in their armies. Many African Queens were warriors and led their armies into battle. Queen Ranavalona 1st of Madagascar was a warrior. She had a palace erected in the capital she founded ( 17 th century ) called Antananarivo, which means city of a thousand warriors. The African Amazon women of Bein were known for collecting the skulls of their enimies. All of this is but a very small portion of the deep history and lineage of the African warrior arts and the lineage of the Hacomtaewresdo Warrior Arts and HCWW-CAUCA.